As it is mentioned in the title of the Blog I am a civil engineer and working for International Construction Project Management Firm. As a result of this FIDIC is one of my topics that needed to be worked/ studied on.
I created a FIDIC starter guide who wants to learn general information about FIDIC on the Q-A (Questions and Answers) basis.
What is FIDIC?
FIDIC is the acronym for International Federation of Consulting Engineers and as it is exactly written in French; “Fédération Internationale Des Ingénieurs-Conseils”
or about sservices and historical backgound of FIDIC, refer Wikipedia page.
Who are the FIDIC Members?
Its members are national associations of consulting engineers.
All contracts contain risks for Contracting Authorities/ Employers and Contractors – There is no risk-free contract and FIDIC attempts to rationalize and allocate responsibilities for main risks.
A key requirement is for the Contract Parties to fully understand the FIDIC General and Particular Conditions of Contract that set out their Responsibilities and Risks within a Project
Every risk given to the other party has its cost, no Party assumes a risk for free.
Is FIDIC affecting me as civil engineer?
If you are working on an international or national (came with the new FIDIC suite) engineering project based on FIDIC guidance (FIDIC Contract) or even none of them occurs but you are working in a contracted job, it is affecting you, may be not directly but at contract management point you can benefit from FIDIC preferably on disputes try to go with the green book at this case.
What is the ROLE of ENGINEER for FIDIC?
All FIDIC books define the role of the engineer essentially as the agent of the employer. The engineer is primarily responsible for contract administration. The engineer:
• Issues instructions and notices;
• Monitors the works;
• Acts as certifier.
Note that the engineer is no longer stated to be impartial – in the Red and Yellow Books the engineer is deemed to and in practice does act for the employer.
New rules pays more respect to the position and the authority of the Engineer, such as, without the consent of the Contractor, the Employer shall not been titled to exchange the Engineer or impose further restriction on the Engineers authority which has been specified in the contract.
What are the FIDIC Contracts or Types of FIDIC CONTRACTS?
As it is called ‘FIDIC Rainbow Suite’ last version published in 1999 and includes:
the Red Book: Conditions of Contract for Construction for Building and Engineering Works Designed by the Employer;
the Yellow Book: Conditions of Contract for Plant and Design-Build;
the Silver Book: Conditions of Contract for EPC/Turnkey Projects;
the Green Book: Conditions of Short Form of Contract.
These ‘new’ forms were first editions and designed to be user-friendly, with a standardized approach and a reduction in the general conditions from over 60 to 20 clauses.
Additional forms in use since 1999 included:
the Blue Book: Contract for Dredging and Reclamation Works;
MDB/FIDIC Contract: FIDIC conditions incorporated in the standard bidding documents of multilateral development banks;
the White Book: Client/Consultant Model Services Agreement;
the Gold Book: FIDIC Design, Build and Operate Projects.
FIDIC Books for Understanding FIDIC;
FIDIC-A Guide for Practitioners
Introduction to FIDIC Conditions of contract
I will also share the FIDIC Forms within the next posts.